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Understanding Your Pre-Employment Physical Exam
However, aside from your amazing skills and all the nice-to-have qualities, your pre-employment physical evaluation report will also impact your candidature for the desired job. In most cases with special job responsibilities, the employer can ask prospective employees to take a physical test where you’ll be measured on the scale of how safely and efficiently you can perform the job.
Legal Guidelines Governing Occupational Health Assessments
Like any other legally-regulated sector or business operation, a company’s recruitment strategy has to be in line with the current federal laws defining and regulating practices related to employment. Amongst a number of directives, the rule of ‘job-relatedness’ strictly applies to ensure that every applicant is judged on skills and traits that are actually required to perform the job.
Hiring practices pertaining to what tests can be performed are governed by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA aims to safeguard employees and job seekers from any kind of discrimination, especially based on disability. A physical assessment is often the last step in a screening process and is scheduled only after you have received a conditional job offer from your employer. A more rigorous physical and medical assessment can be required depending on the nature of job, typical examples being police and firefighting roles.
What Does a Pre-Employment Physical Exam Include?
The nature of the job you are seeking and the type of organization you are applying for also determine what tests will be required to be able to properly evaluate you on the physical requirements of the job. At a minimum, you can be asked to provide answers against basic health inquiries and/or undergo a physical or medical examination at a certified healthcare center.
A Medical Examination
A comprehensive medical evaluation may include screening processes and lab examinations ranging from blood pressure to your eyesight. You may also have your limbs, spine and other muscular movement checked. A urinalysis can also be carried out to get an understanding of your blood sugar level and overall well-being.
A Work Fitness Assessment
For challenging jobs that expose you to a certain level of risk, be it situational, environmental or physical, it is mandatory to undergo a physical assessment. Also known as a functional capacity assessment or musculoskeletal assessment, the test measures your physical strength, muscular movements and endurance, and is designed to measure your physical skills.
In order to ensure a safe and productive workplace and reduce absenteeism, your potential employer may also require a drug or alcohol screening done or, in some cases, a simple alcohol breath test can suffice. Depending on the job, your pre-employment assessment can also involve manual handling evaluation, a hearing test and/or an ECG.